Creating and Sticking to a Budget: Our “Zero-Based Budget”

by Melody on January 25, 2012

The next logical step in your budgeting journey after gathering your information is to start actually writing your budget.  There are approximately 972,345 different ways to write a budget, which understandably can make it seem a little daunting.  My husband and I kept it very basic, followed the guidelines in Dave Ramsey’s Total Money Makeover (Amazon) and just dove right in.

Despite the two college degrees in Telecommunications between us, we chose to start out with a handwritten budget.  Please don’t let your lack of computer skills or your lack of budgeting skills stop you, find what works for you and just do it.  Most of us still remember how to use a pencil, right?

We have what is called a “Zero-Based Budget”, which means that absolutely every penny of our monthly income is accounted for.  This includes fixed expenses, monthly cash funds, savings, everything.

To write a “Zero-Based Budget”, sit down and write down absolutely everything you can think of that you pay for throughout the year.  Think about your fixed monthly expenses like mortgage, rent, utilities, daycare and interest-carrying bills.  Don’t forget about bills you may not pay every month, like car insurance, property taxes, homeowner’s insurance, irrigation.  Don’t let these surprise you 3 months down the road.

Subtract your fixed expenses from your monthly income.  This is what you have left over for your non-fixed expenses, like groceries, gas, medical co-pays, car and household repairs.

Our Fixed Expenses

Mortgage
Cable/Internet
Cell Phone
Utilities
Irrigation (paid yearly, divided by 12 months)
City (sewer, water, garbage)
Car insurance (paid every 6 months)
Preschool
College Savings Plan
Life Insurance
Retirement Savings

Our Non-Fixed Expenses

Christmas (estimated needed $$ amount, divided by 12)
My Personal Cash
My Husband’s Personal Cash
Grocery
Baby (swim lessons, hair cuts, miscellaneous)
Pets (food, cat litter, routine vet trips)
Medical (co-pays, prescriptions)
Entertainment (eating out, movies)
Car (small repairs, tabs, oil changes)
Home (repairs, landscape)
Gas
Clothes
Gifts (birthdays, anniversaries)
Birthday ($10/month for our boy’s parties)

Every cent that is left over goes into a savings account.  Depending on where we are at in our lives, this could be a generic savings account or going towards a specific large purchase, like a vacation or a new washing machine.

We did not start our budget with all of these funds. Some have been added, some have been changed, increased, decreased, cut and then brought back.  Depending on our stage of life, our budget may look different month to month.  Your budget will most likely never stay the same for a very long period of time.

One thing to note about a few of these categories: Our mortgage, retirement savings and money we have going into a pre-tax Health Spending Account automatically come out of our paycheck before we see it, which is a huge blessing.  For several years now, we have based our income on whatever we get AFTER that money comes out.  We don’t even miss it.  We don’t see it, so we don’t miss it.

If we are in a particularly tight financial time of our lives, the first things in the budget to go are the clothing fund, gifts, birthday.  Entertainment is cut way back, as are our personal funds.  If things got really strained, we would put the hammer down and cancel our cell phones, cancel cable, probably cancel swimming lessons (which would make me sad).  The point is, if we are totally honest with ourselves, there are several places in our budget that can be trimmed if need be.  They may not be fun changes, but when you are bent on getting out of debt, sometimes things just have to give.

The Cash Envelope System

For 99.9% of our non-fixed expenses, we pay cash.  We pull out the needed dollar amount at the beginning of the month and divvy it up.  When the envelope is empty, the money is gone.  We do our absolute best not to borrow from another fund or “borrow” from our account.  If it’s been particularly hard for a few months in a row to keep money in a certain envelope, we re-evaluate the amount going in.  We are significantly more intentional about our purchases when we have to hand over cash rather than swipe a card.

We use this entirely functional accordion folder from Staples, which you can find at just about any office supply store.  You can even find small starter folders in the Dollar Spot at Target sometimes.  If you think it would be fabulous to start your budgeting journey with the most amazing cash envelopes ever designed, you should check out Kelleigh Ratzlaff Designs

Please ask questions.  This is a HUGE topic and at times, I struggled pulling in the reins on this post.  There were so many different ways I could have spun this topic.  What is your biggest challenge in budgeting?  What has been your greatest success?

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